CHALLENGES TO LECTURERS UTILIZATION OF INFORMATION COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY IN TEACHING AND IMPEDIMENTS TO QUALITY E-LEARNING UPTAKE AMONG STUDENTS OF NNAMDI AZIKIWE UNIVERSITY, AWKA, ANAMBRA STATE
Keywords:Challenges, Lecturers, Utilization, ICT, Teaching, Impediments, Quality, E-learning uptake
This study investigated the Challenges to Lecturers Utilization of Information Communication Technology in Teaching and Impediments to Quality E-Learning Uptake among Students of Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Anambra State. Four research questions guided the study, including four null hypotheses formulated and tested as well. The descriptive survey research design was employed in order to conduct the study. Population for the study consisted of all the 1,964 Heads of Departments (HODs) together with lecturers within 91 Departments from 14 Faculties in Nnamdi Azikiwe University (NAU), Awka, Anambra State. The sample size for the study comprised a total of 1,440 participants, incorporating 65 HODs and 1,375 lecturers selected from 14 Faculties in the university (NAU) using a stratified random sampling technique. A researchers’ self-developed questionnaire titled: Challenges to Lecturers Utilization of ICT in Teaching and Impediments to Quality E-Learning Uptake Questionnaire (CLUICTTIQELUQ) which was constructed for HODs and lecturers, containing 42 items and designed on a 4-point scale, was used for data collection. The research instrument was validated by two experts from Educational Management and Policy Department and one expert from Measurement and Evaluation Unit, Faculty of Education, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Anambra State. Reliability of the questionnaire was established through a pilot-test sampling 5 HODs and 25 lecturers from one federal university in Enugu State, which was not part of the study. The result obtained from the data collected were computed and the coefficient value were measured using the Cronbach Alpha method to give coefficient reliability of 0.85, 0.83, 0.76 and 0.87 for the four clusters respectively; and were added up and divided to give an overall internal consistency reliability (r) - value of 0.82, showcasing that the questionnaire was reliable. Data collated for the study were analyzed using mean scores and standard deviation in order to answer all the research questions. The hypotheses were tested at an alpha level of 0.05 significance using the t-test statistics. Findings of this study revealed among others that, all the factors investigated as regards to the institutional internal-based factors, institutional external-based factors and lecturers personal-related factors were challenging to lecturers’ utilization of information communication technology in teaching in Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Anambra State. The differences in the mean rating of HODs and lecturers on all these factors challenging lecturers’ utilization of information communication technology in teaching in Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Anambra State was not significant. The study recommended among others that; the institutional head, that is, the Vice-Chancellor working together with other university officials and backing from the National Universities’ Commission (NUC) should employ workable/strategic plans through adequate mobilization of the ICTs and
installation of Local Area Network (LAN), deployment of efficient maintenance culture for the ICT infrastructure, promotion of ICT-based instructions, among others, in order to curb the institutional internal-based factors challenging lecturers’ utilization of information communication technology in teaching in Nnamdi Azikiwe University (NAU), Awka, Anambra State.
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