ACADEMIC ANXIETIES, ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AND LECTURERS’ PRODUCTIVITY IN NIGERIA: A REVIEW
Keywords:Academic Anxiety, work Environmental Factors, Lecturers’ Productivity, Nigeria
This review aims to explore the impact of academic anxiety and environmental factors on the productivity of lecturers in Nigeria. The review examines existing literature on academic anxiety among lecturers and its effects on their productivity. It delves into the causes of academic anxiety, such as high workload, time pressure, evaluation processes, and the competitive nature of the academic environment. Additionally, the review investigates the role of environmental factors, including organizational support, leadership styles, workplace culture, and physical working conditions, in shaping lecturers' productivity levels. Findings from the literature suggest that academic anxiety negatively impacts lecturers' productivity by leading to burnout, reduced job satisfaction, and decreased motivation. Moreover, environmental factors significantly contribute to lecturers' anxiety levels and overall productivity. A supportive work environment, effective leadership, fair evaluation systems, and adequate resources are identified as factors that can mitigate academic anxiety and enhance lecturers' productivity. Overall, this review emphasizes the need for comprehensive interventions to create conducive work environments that prioritize the well-being and professional growth of lecturers, ultimately benefiting both the individuals and the educational institutions they serve. The paper recommended implementing supportive policies and practices at institutional levels, offering professional development opportunities, promoting work-life balance, and fostering a positive and inclusive work environment.
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